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ISHPSSB & ABFHiB 2017 Meeting

Programación de la Conferencia

Sesiones Plenarias

Las sesiones plenarias del Encuentro de la ISHPSSB & ABFHiB 2017 se llevarán a cabo en el auditorio de el Centro de Difusión Internacional (CDI, Centro de Difusão Internacional) de la Universidad de São Paulo, a poca distancia del Instituto de Biociencias.

route-CDI

Habrá dos conferencias que serán presentadas por conferencistas invitados, una el lunes y la otra el miércoles. Ambas acontecerán de las 17:30 a las 19:00 horas. 

Los ponentes serán el Dr. Naomi Oreskes, Universidad de Harvard, y el Dr. Kevin N. Laland, Center for Biological Diversity, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, U.K.

Oreskes Laland

Dra Naomi Oreskes es una profesora de historia de la ciencia y profesora asociada de ciencias planetarias y de la Tierra en la Universidad de Harvard, es reconocida internacionalmente como una geóloga, historiadora de la ciencia y autora. Recibió una  B.Sc. (Primera Clase honor) en Geología de Minas, el Royal School of Mines, Imperial College de Londres (1981) y trabajó como geóloga de exploración en el interior de Australia. En 1990 obtuvo el doctorado interdisciplinario en Investigación Geológica e Historia de la Ciencia de la Universidad de Stanford. Se unió a la facultad de Harvard en 2013 después de 15 años en la Universidad de California, San Diego. Dra. Oreskes es la autora de libros académicos y de divulgación científica y artículos sobre la historia de las ciencias ambientales, incluyendo The Rejection of Continental Drift (Oxford, 1999) y Plate Tectonics: An Insider’s History of the Modern Theory of the Earth (Westview, 2003). En las últimas décadas ha sido una voz líder en el tema de cambio climático antropogénico. La investigación actual de la Dra Oreskes incluye la realización de un libro sobre Oceanografía de la Guerra Fría, Science on a Mission: American Oceanography from the Cold War to Climate Change (Chicago, en prensa), y Assessing Assessments: A Historical and Philosophical Study of Scientific Assessments for Environmental Policy in the Late 20th Century.

Para obtener más información del currículo y las actividades de la profesora Oreskes, visite: http://histsci.fas.harvard.edu/people/naomi-oreskes

La Dra. Naomi Oreskes impartirá la conferencia titulada:

Can Science Be Viewed as ex ante Authoritative in a Post-Factual World?

In 2016, a scholar associated with the American Enterprise Institute, a think-tank dedicated to “strengthening the free enterprise system” posed the question: “[H]ow [can] scientific analysis conducted or funded by an agency headed by political appointees buffeted by political pressures can be viewed ex ante as any more authoritative than that originating from, say, the petroleum industry?”  One might be tempted to dismiss a question like this, posed as it was by someone associated with an institute famous for its attacks on climate science and scientists. But the question is a legitimate one.  In a world that many view as “post-factual,” how can scientific analysis be viewed as ex ante authoritative?  Why should the conclusions of a scientific community be viewed ex ante as more authoritative than that originating from the petroleum industry? Or the tobacco industry? Or Coca-Cola?

This paper addresses the question from the vantage point of the past decades of scholarship in history, philosophy, and social studies of science. I argue that the answer involves the social practices of science—particularly the practices of communal critical interrogation emphasized by feminist scholars of science—and the track records of private enterprise. Despite the various pressures that may buffet scientists—in government agencies, the private sector, or anywhere else—so long as they are participating in scientific communities—presenting their work at conferences and submitting it for peer-review and publication—and so long as the communities in which they practice are diverse, we have a basis for ex ante trust.

The processes of critical interrogation, however, rely on an assumption of good faith: that participants are interested in learning about natural world and have a shared interest in factual information. History shows that assumption is often violated in the private sector, where fraudulent and misleading claims have been used to defend dangerous products and protect corporate profits. Often these claims have been presented as scientific, yet have not been subjected to the tests of critical scrutiny, or have been so subjected and failed those tests.  That is to say, the “scientific” claims of industry are often not scientific, and this is why, ex ante, we have reason to suspect them.

Dr. Kevin N. Laland es profesor de Comportamiento y Biología Evolutiva de la Universidad de St. Andrews, Escocia, y ha sido investigador en la Universidad de California, Berkeley, y la Universidad de Cambridge. Sus principales intereses académicos están en el área general de la conducta animal y evolución, con un enfoque específico en el aprendizaje social y la innovación de los animales, en la evolución de la cognición, en la construcción de nicho, y en la síntesis evolutiva extendida. Ha publicado más de 200 artículos científicos sobre estos temas y ha recibido más de 15 m £ de subvención a la investigación. Él es también el autor de 10 libros, incluyendo Niche Construction: The Neglected Process in Evolution (con John Odling-Smee y Marc Feldman, Princeton UP, 2003), Sense and Nonsense: Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Behaviour, 2ª ed. (con Gillian Brown, Oxford UP, 2011), Social Learning: an Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods and Models (con William Hoppitt, Princeton UP, 2013) y Darwin’s Unfinished Symphony: How Culture Made the Human Mind (Princeton UP, 2017). Él es un miembro electo de la Royal Society de Edimburgo, un miembro de la Royal Society of Biology y líder del proyecto titulado "Putting the extended evolutionary synthesis to the test", que puede encontrarse en: http://synergy.st-andrews.ac.uk/ees/the-project/

Para obtener más información del currículo y las actividades del profesor Laland, visite: http://lalandlab.st-andrews.ac.uk/

El Dr. Kevin. Laland impartirá la conferencia titulada:

What use is an extended evolutionary synthesis?

Abstract. Alternative conceptual frameworks can be of value to scientific fields to the extent that they stimulate new hypotheses, lead to new insights, open up novel lines of enquiry, or prove generative in other ways.  The extended evolutionary synthesis (EES) is new a way to think about and understand evolutionary phenomena that differs from the conception that has dominated evolutionary thinking since the 1930s (i.e., the modern synthesis). The EES retains the fundamentals of evolutionary theory, but stands out in its emphasis on the role of developmental processes, which share with natural selection responsibility for the direction and rate of evolution, the diversity of life, and the process of adaptation. The EES emphasizes that phenotypic variation is not random, that there is more to inheritance than genes, and that there are multiple routes to the adaptive fit between organisms and environments. I spell out the structure, core assumptions and novel predictions of the EES, contrasting these with more traditional expectations. The EES does not replace traditional thinking, but rather can be deployed alongside it to stimulate and advance research within evolutionary biology.

La ceremonia de premiación y la reunión general de la ISHPSSB se llevarán a cabo en el mismo lugar y hora, el jueves. 

 


ISHPSSB & ABFHiB 2017 Meeting   
International Society for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Biology (ISHPSSB)   
Associação Brasileira de Filosofia e História da Biologia (ABFHiB)   
São Paulo, Brazil, 16 to 21 July, 2017   
Email: ISHPSSB.2017@gmail.com 
 


São Paulo, Brazil
16 to 21 July, 2017

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