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ISHPSSB & ABFHiB 2017 Meeting

Programa do evento

Sessões Plenárias

As sessões plenárias do ISHPSSB & ABFHiB 2017 Meeting acontecerão no auditório do Centro de Difusão Internacional (CDI) da Universidade de São Paulo, a curta distância do Instituto de Biociências. O endereço do CDI é Av. Prof. Lúcio Martins Rodrigues, 222 (em frente à Escola de Comunicação e Artes, ECA). 

Haverá transporte em ônibus (2,7 Km, 7 minutos) para todos os participantes e visitantes. O embarque será realizado na Rua do Matão, em frente à travessa 14, a partir das 18h (na segunda-feira, terça-feira e quinta-feira).

É possível também seguir a pé (1,4 Km, 17 minutos) a partir do Instituto de Biociências até o CDI, seguindo a rota ilustrada abaixo:

route-CDI

Nesse local ocorrerão duas conferências de palestrantes convidados, uma na segunda-feira e outra na quarta-feira. Ambas acontecerão das 17h30 às 19h. 

Os palestrantes serão a Dra. Naomi Oreskes, Harvard University, e o Dr. Kevin N. Laland, Center for Biological Diversity, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, U.K.

Oreskes  Laland

A Dra. Naomi Oreskes é professora de história da ciência e professora associada de Ciências planetárias e da Terra na Universidade de Harvard, sendo internacionalmente renomada como geóloga, historiadora da ciência e autora. Ela recebeu um B.Sc. (Honra de Primeira Classe) em Geologia de Mineração da Royal School of Mines, Imperial College, Londres (1981) e trabalhou como geóloga de exploração no interior australiano. Em 1990 ela obteve o Doutorado interdisciplinar em Pesquisa geológica e História da Ciência pela Universidade de Stanford. Ela ingressou na faculdade de Harvard em 2013, depois de 15 anos na Universidade da California, San Diego. A Dra. Oreskes é autora de livros acadêmicos e de divulgação científica e de artigos sobre a história das ciências ambientais, incluindo The Rejection of Continental Drift (Oxford, 1999) e Plate Tectonics: An Insider’s History of the Modern Theory of the Earth (Westview, 2003). Nas últimas décadas tem sido uma voz de liderança na questão das mudanças climáticas antropogênicas. A pesquisa atual da Dra. Oreskes inclui o término de um livro sobre a Oceanografia da guerra fria, Science on a Mission: American Oceanography from the Cold War to Climate Change (Chicago, no prelo), e Assessing Assessments: A Historical and Philosophical Study of Scientific Assessments for Environmental Policy in the Late 20th Century.

Para saber mais do currículo e atividades da Professora Oreskes, visite: http://histsci.fas.harvard.edu/people/naomi-oreskes

A Dra. Naomi Oreskes proferirá a palestra intitulada:

Can Science Be Viewed as ex ante Authoritative in a Post-Factual World?

In 2016, a scholar associated with the American Enterprise Institute, a think-tank dedicated to “strengthening the free enterprise system” posed the question: “[H]ow [can] scientific analysis conducted or funded by an agency headed by political appointees buffeted by political pressures can be viewed ex ante as any more authoritative than that originating from, say, the petroleum industry?”  One might be tempted to dismiss a question like this, posed as it was by someone associated with an institute famous for its attacks on climate science and scientists. But the question is a legitimate one.  In a world that many view as “post-factual,” how can scientific analysis be viewed as ex ante authoritative?  Why should the conclusions of a scientific community be viewed ex ante as more authoritative than that originating from the petroleum industry? Or the tobacco industry? Or Coca-Cola?

This paper addresses the question from the vantage point of the past decades of scholarship in history, philosophy, and social studies of science. I argue that the answer involves the social practices of science—particularly the practices of communal critical interrogation emphasized by feminist scholars of science—and the track records of private enterprise. Despite the various pressures that may buffet scientists—in government agencies, the private sector, or anywhere else—so long as they are participating in scientific communities—presenting their work at conferences and submitting it for peer-review and publication—and so long as the communities in which they practice are diverse, we have a basis for ex ante trust.

The processes of critical interrogation, however, rely on an assumption of good faith: that participants are interested in learning about natural world and have a shared interest in factual information. History shows that assumption is often violated in the private sector, where fraudulent and misleading claims have been used to defend dangerous products and protect corporate profits. Often these claims have been presented as scientific, yet have not been subjected to the tests of critical scrutiny, or have been so subjected and failed those tests.  That is to say, the “scientific” claims of industry are often not scientific, and this is why, ex ante, we have reason to suspect them.


O Dr. Kevin N. Laland é professor de Comportamento e Biologia Evolutiva na Universidade de St Andrews, Escócia, após ter ocupado cargos na Universidade da California, Berkeley, e na Universidade de Cambridge. Os seus interesses acadêmicos principais são na área geral do comportamento animal e evolução, com um foco específico na aprendizagem social e inovação dos animais, na evolução da cognição, na construção de nicho e na síntese evolutiva estendida. Ele publicou mais de 200 artigos científicos sobre esses temas e recebeu mais de £ 15m de subvenção  à pesquisa. Ele também é autor de 10 livros, incluindo Niche Construction: The Neglected Process in Evolution (com John Odling-Smee e Marc Feldman, Princeton UP, 2003), Sense and Nonsense: Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Behaviour, 2ª ed. (com Gillian Brown, Oxford UP, 2011), Social Learning: an Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods and Models (com William Hoppitt, Princeton UP, 2013) e Darwin’s Unfinished Symphony: How Culture Made the Human Mind (Princeton UP, 2017). Ele é um membro eleito da Royal Society de Edimburgo, um membro da Royal Society of Biology, e líder do projeto intitulado "Putting the extended evolutionary synthesis to the test", que pode ser conhecido no endereço: http://synergy.st-andrews.ac.uk/ees/the-project/

Para saber mais sobre o currículo e atividades do Professor Laland, visite: http://lalandlab.st-andrews.ac.uk/

O Dr. Kevin N. Laland proferirá a palestra intitulada:

What use is an extended evolutionary synthesis?

Abstract. Alternative conceptual frameworks can be of value to scientific fields to the extent that they stimulate new hypotheses, lead to new insights, open up novel lines of enquiry, or prove generative in other ways.  The extended evolutionary synthesis (EES) is new a way to think about and understand evolutionary phenomena that differs from the conception that has dominated evolutionary thinking since the 1930s (i.e., the modern synthesis). The EES retains the fundamentals of evolutionary theory, but stands out in its emphasis on the role of developmental processes, which share with natural selection responsibility for the direction and rate of evolution, the diversity of life, and the process of adaptation. The EES emphasizes that phenotypic variation is not random, that there is more to inheritance than genes, and that there are multiple routes to the adaptive fit between organisms and environments. I spell out the structure, core assumptions and novel predictions of the EES, contrasting these with more traditional expectations. The EES does not replace traditional thinking, but rather can be deployed alongside it to stimulate and advance research within evolutionary biology.

A cerimônia de premiação e a Assembleia Geral da ISHPSSB ocorrerão na quinta-feira, no mesmo local, nesse mesmo horário. 

 Schedule


ISHPSSB & ABFHiB 2017 Meeting   
International Society for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Biology (ISHPSSB)   
Associação Brasileira de Filosofia e História da Biologia (ABFHiB)   
São Paulo, Brazil, 16 to 21 July, 2017   
Email: ISHPSSB.2017@gmail.com 
 


São Paulo, Brazil
16 to 21 July, 2017

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